Homma-Yamashita Shrine

Homma-Yamashita Shrine

Four years of Japanese occupation destroyed many buildings, roads, and bridges in and around Los Baños. In quick succession, the College of Agriculture became a Japanese camp for prisoners of war, a camp for allied nationals, a target of Kempetai punitive measures, and the headquarters of a secret organization of guerillas. After the dramatic rescue of the American internees by Filipino guerillas and U.S. paratroopers on February 23, 1935, the entire campus was sacked by the Japanese and razed to the ground. Only Baker Hall, the armory-gymnasium, remained standing amidst the rubble. Shortly after the war, Generals Masaharu Homma and Tomoyuki Yamashita, the commanders at the time of the Bataan Death March, were executed in April, 1946. They were both tried for their war crimes and executed near the Economic Garden.

{Details from: www.tracelmart.net}

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  1. carmela narcise says:

    can i know how can i contact the yamashita shrine and how much the fee for educational tour, actually im from the tour operator.

  2. Randele A. Arcilla says:

    Before the American Paratroopers and Filipino Guerrilla Fighters on February 23, 1945 to beginning the invasion of the Japanese Internment Prison Camps in Los Banos, Laguna to attacking Japanese Imperial Army troops and freed and recued the Allied POWs and internees outside from the Japanese Prison Camps.

    Founded on January 31, to August 15, 1945 begins the Battle for the Liberation on Southern Luzon or Southern Tagalog also known as the Southern Luzon Campaign or Southern Tagalog Campaign fought the combined U.S. & Philippine Commonwealth Military Forces including the Recognized Guerrilla Groups against the Japanese soldiers in the Provinces of Rizal, Laguna, Cavite and Batangas.

    When the all-Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army military units to sending operations in the Provinces of Rizal, Laguna, Cavite and Batangas between the PCA military units of the 4th Military District of the pre-war USAFFE 41st Infantry Division, 42nd (military) Infantry Division and 43rd (military) Infantry Division and helping the recognized guerrilla units and the U.S. Army forces against the Japanese Imperial Army forces led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita in Southern Luzon or Southern Tagalog. Before the U.S. Invasion of the Japanese Prison Camps in Los Banos, Laguna.

    The Homma-Yamashita Shrine is located in Los Banos, Laguna near in University of the Philippines – Los Banos Campus.

    • WOW! Thank you Randele A. Arcilla for this information. WOWLaguna is glad to hear that you are interested in the history of your place. We even thank you for patronizing WOWLaguna, your Home. 🙂 Please don’t hesitate to give us suggestions and news within the proximity of Laguna.

    • sana ma improved ang site ..ung pang tourist attraction talaga…

  3. Was this the actual gravesite of both Generals Yamashita and Homma?

    • Nope. Just went there this afternoon. Dyan lang daw po binitay si Yamashita at Homma. Pero si Yamashita lang may epitaph. Nawawala na daw yung mga buto ni General sabi ni Mang Efren, yung caretaker. Infairness, may bubong na rin ang epitaph nya.

  4. General Yamashita was in Malaysia from Dec 8, 1941 to July 17, 1942 when he was reassigned ( exiled ) to manchuria by General Tojo ( then, the Prime Minister of Japan ) and where he spent the most of the pacific war until In 1944, when the war situation was critical for Japan, Yamashita was rescued from his enforced exile in China by the new Japanese government after the downfall of Hideki Tōjō and his cabinet, and he assumed the command of the Fourteenth Area Army to defend the Philippines on 10 October,1944.

    Yamashita commanded approximately 262,000 troops in three defensive groups; the largest, the Shobo Group, under his personal command numbered 152,000 troops, which defended northern Luzon. The smallest group, totaling 30,000 troops, known as the Kembu Group, under the command of Tsukada, which defended Bataan and the western shores. The last group, the Shimbu Group, totaling 80,000 men under the command of Yokoyama, defended Manila and southern Luzon. Yamashita tried to rebuild his army but was forced to retreat from Manila to the Sierra Madre mountains of northern Luzon, as well as the Cordillera Central mountains. Yamashita ordered all troops, except those tasked with security, out of the city.

    Almost immediately, Imperial Japanese Navy Rear Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi re-occupied Manila with 16,000 sailors, with the intent of destroying all port facilities and naval storehouses. Once there, Iwabuchi took command of the 3,750 Army security troops, and against Yamashita’s specific order, turned the city into a battlefield.[2] The battle and the Japanese atrocities resulted in the deaths of more than 100,000 Filipino civilians, in what would be later known as the Manila massacre, during the fierce street fighting for the capital which raged from February 4 to March 3.

    Eventually, the Japanese lost and General Yamashita who was fighting in the Ifugao Provinces in the NORTH, surrendered rather than commit sepuku so he alone can bear all the responsibilities alone.

    From 29 October to 7 December 1945, an American military tribunal in Manila tried General Yamashita for war crimes relating to the Manila Massacre and many atrocities in the Philippines and Singapore against civilians and prisoners of war, such as the Sook Ching Massacre, and sentenced him to death. This controversial case has become a precedent regarding the command responsibility for war crimes and is known as the Yamashita Standard.

    As a consequence, On 23 February 1946, at Los Baños, Laguna Prison Camp, 30 miles (48 km) south of Manila, Yamashita was hanged for the crimes of the “Manila Massacre” and the “Sook Ching Massacre” that many now acknowledge was not his fault.

  5. After Gens. Homma and Yamashita were convicted in Manila, Gen. MacArthur sent them to Los Banos, Laguna to be handed over to the locals. More than 7000 residents of Los Banos had been randomly shot in their homes in one evening by the Japanese after the prison camp at the university had been liberated. Many of the residents had fled into the chapel of the university. The Japanese soldiers set fire to the chapel and just mowed them down as they came out. You can still see bullet holes in the outside wall of the chapel. I believe Homma was hanged at the memorial site, and Yamashita was marched off into the forest, never to be seen again. Thus, MacArthur had given the Los Banos residents an opportunity to execute a little retribution.

    When the prison camp in the university was liberated, Philippine guerillas and American paratroopers jointly captured the prison. It is said to have been the lowest-altitude paratroop drop in U.S. history. It paid off , though, because not one prisoner was lost.

  6. Allan Ryan says:

    Oliver’s account is generally accurate, except that Yamashita’s trial in Manila was concerned exclusively with crimes in the Philippines. Malaysia, Singapore and Sook Ching were never mentioned.

    Alan M’s statement that Yamashita was “marched off into the forest” is inaccurate. He was hanged from the scaffold on 23 February 1946. Also, Yamashita and Homma did not go to Los Banos together. Homma’s trial was several months after Yamashita’s.

    Allan Ryan
    My book “Yamashita’s Ghost: War Crimes, MacArthur’s Justice and Command Accountability” will be published in the US in October 2012.

    • Thanks for the correct info. As Yamashita was hanged in Los Banos, was he also buried there or were his remains sent to Japan?
      I think it is a pity that this historical site is not that much publicized. Where is this site exactly?

      • Allan Ryan says:

        Los Banos is now a college campus. At some point (I don’t know when), Yamashita’s body was removed, and is reportedly now interred at Tama Rien cemetery in Tokyo.
        Allan Ryan

  7. Yamashita’s buried and was moved in Japanese park in Cavinti

  8. Dino monzon says:

    The one in Cavinti is not General Yamashita

  9. How do you get here? I’m from LB but I’ve never been there.

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